Extra Modification Works when buying off-plan (called TMA in French for Travaux Modificatifs Acquereur)
When buying off-plan,  the buyer can customise their home before delivery via the TMA. When to apply ? What works are allowed? How much are TMAs? Answers with FindHomeAbroad

Acquiring Change Works

Acquiring Change Works: Definition
The TMAs are a request to modify the plan of the property under construction. This request is made by the purchaser from the promoter or the builder. TMAs may concern a new house as well as an apartment.

TMAs are one of the great benefits of off-plan buying. They allow the buyer to have a home to his taste as soon as he enters the premises and thus avoid some work.

What are the authorized TMAs?
Modifications to housing must not contravene the Construction Code, in particular accessibility standards. They must not prevent a person in a wheelchair from accessing the living room or toilet. They must also be able to be carried out in the work schedule initially planned and have no impact on the delivery of the property. In collective housing buildings, these modifications must not affect the rights of other co-owners.

Finally, after work, the housing must always comply with the standards and thermal regulations in force: RT2012, BBC label, NF certification …

Here are some works that the purchaser can ask:

moving or creating an electrical outlet, switch or light
moving, deleting or reducing partition
modification of sanitary equipment …
removal of storage
modification of finishes: paint, parquet, tiles …
TMAs are common in new real estate. Some promoters provide upon reservation, a list of options associated with a price.

When and how to apply for TMA?
The request for the Buyer’s Modifying Works must be made by the purchaser within one month of the signature of the reservation. Depending on the nature of the work, it is better to apply as soon as possible. Indeed, the more the construction is advanced, the less it will be possible to make certain modifications.

The promoter or builder responds within approximately 4 weeks and in any event before signing the deed of sale in front of the notary. Within this period, an architect’s office checks the feasibility of modifying work if necessary.

If the request for TMA is accepted, the purchaser receives an amendment and a new plan for his new home. To accept this quote, he signs it by adding the word “good for agreement” and sends it back to the promoter or builder.

If the first application is refused, the purchaser may do another.

Good to know
Can a promoter refuse to carry out TMAs?

The promoter or builder may refuse to carry out the TMAs if they do not meet the requirements mentioned above. It is therefore advisable to discuss with your sales contact before sending your request, to find out what is possible to ask or not. Overall, TMA applications are very often accepted.

How much are TMAs? and who pays?
TMAs generate additional construction costs: construction, materials, monitoring and management costs… These costs are borne by the purchaser.

Some promoters charge for the completion of the feasibility study and the drawing of the new plan. If the TMAs are refused, this sum is still due.

By signing the modification work quote, the purchaser undertakes to pay the Purchaser’s Modifying Works. Most of the time, the following schedule is applied:

50% upon signature of the definitive act of sale.
50% once the works are completed, integrated into the appeals for funds of the property

Good to know
Delivery of the TMA
When handing over the keys, the new owner checks that the new housing is in compliance. It is then that he will be able to see that the TMAs have been realized.